not bulging; soft and flexible, not taunt or drum-like;
not potbellied; no swelling around navel.
for food; no undue scavenging; no vomiting.
with no stains, scouring, or matting by dry feces.
and even when at rest; no labored breathing; no coughing;
normally panting to cool down after play.
splitting; no overgrown claws.
pleasant-smelling; free from parasites, loose hairs
or dirt; soft to the touch; not straw-like or brittle.
alert, vital; quickly responsive to sounds and calls.
to slightest sound; clean, with no brown or yellow
deposits; head and ears held in normal position; no
scratching, rubbing or shaking of the head.
with no cloudiness of the cornea; not unduly sensitive
to light; no discharge or weeping; not bloodshot.
formed; color varying according to diet; should be
passed regularly two to four times daily.
to be very active in short spurts with rest periods
between; young puppies may sleep 16 out of 24 hours;
bouncing, uncoordinated movement normal; young puppies
tend to fall over their own feet; no limping or lameness.
depends on environment; likely to be cold and damp
out of doors, warm and dry indoors; no persistent
discharge; nostrils not blocked by dried mucous.
matting of hair between the digits due to contamination
by mud, tar or grease; no cracked pads.
and supple; clean, without undue amount of dander,
inflammation, parasites, or sores.
and white; gums pink except those of the Chow which
may show darker pigmentation; shedding of the milk
teeth normal occurs between two and five months.
colored, not cloudy; no blood in the urine; passes
urine frequently, with no difficulty; both sexes tend
to squat to urinate until puberty (starts at approx.
5 or 6 months of age), at which point male dogs may
begin to start lifting their legs' to mark territory,
fixed males may start later.
in part with thanks to
"The Official SPCA Pet Guide
Care for Your Puppy"
William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. London